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What Is Silymarin
What Is Silymarin
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(c) germination 14 days after sowing
(d) 21 days (e) 28 days after sowing
Plate VIII-1 tree at Utondolo,
Lushoto, May, 1983
Plate VII1-2 branchlet bearing
MAP 8 - Geographic distribution of Bridelia micrantha
BOTANICAL NAME: Calotropls procera (Ait. ) Ait .f.
SYNONYM: Asclepias procera Ait.
COMMON NAMES: Mpompompogolo (Bambara), Banabi (Peul), Toursa (Sonrai); Tumfafia
(Hausa); Faftan (Wolof); Gbekebiiawuo (Ga), Blofo tootoo, What Is Silymarin Owula
kofi ba (Abokobi), Agbo-loba (Ewe); Ushar (Arabic), Bo'ah (Boran &
Somali), Etetheru (Turkana), Mufuthu (Kamba), Dead Sea Fruit.
2. ECOLOGY AND DISTRIBUTION
The natural distribution and habitat of Calotropis procera is somewhat obscured by
its preference for areas of abandoned cultivation, especially sandy soils in areas of low
rainfall. It is often dominant in such areas and assumed to be an indicator of over-
It occurs in Mauritania, Mali, Senegal, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Guinea Bissau, Ivory
Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Fernando Po, Zaire, Chad, Sudan,
Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Mali, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Morocco,
Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Sinai, Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan,
India, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, S. Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates. Introduced into
Australia, West Indies and Central America, Silymarin 80 probably introduced and naturalized in
East Africa and parts of the Middle East (see distribution map). Silymarin Legalon
Shrub or small tree up to 2.5(-6)m high, stem usually simple, rarely branched, woody
at the base and covered with a fissured, corky bark; slash yields a copious white latex;
branches somewhat succulent, densely white tomentose, early glabrescent. Leaves opposite,
simple, subsessile, stipules absent; blade oblong-obovate to broadly obovate, 5-30cm
long, 2. 5-15. 5cm or more wide, apex abruptly and shortly acuminate to apiculate, base
cordate, margins entire, succulent, white tomentose when young, later glabrescent and
glaucous. Inflorescence a dense, several-flowered, umbellate cyme arising from the nodes
and appearing axillary or terminal; flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merous; pedicels l-3cm long.
Calyx 5-lobed, shortly united at the base, lobes ovate, 4-7mm long, 3-4mm wide, glabrescent;
corolla pale whitish-green with large purple patches on the lobes, campanulate, about 2cm
in diameter, united at the base for 6-7mm, lobes narrow ovate, ll-20mm long, 9-10mm wide;
corona of 5 compressed lobes 6.5-llmm long, 3-4. 5mm wide, anthers opposite the corona lobes.
Frui t a simple, fleshy, inflated, subglobose to obliquely ovoid follicle up to 10cm or
more in diameter; seeds numerous, flat, obovate, 6mm long, 5mm wide, with silky white
pappus 3cm or more long.
4. ESTABLISHED MODERN PHARMACEUTICAL USES
Compounds derived from the plant Mega Silymarin have been found to Liveraide Silymarin Capsule have emeto-cathartic and
digitalic properties. Other compounds have been found to have bactericidal and vermicidal
properties. Now Silymarin
5. FOLK MEDICINAL USES
An infusion of bark powder is used in the treatment of leprosy. Two to four soup-spoons
of bark powder are left to soak in 250 ml of water for 12 hours. The infusion is then
filtered and drunk before breakfast. The milky sap is used as a rubefacient and is also
strongly purgative and caustic. The root bark is an emetic and the flower a digestive,
stomachic and tonic used for asthma and catarrh.
- 60 -
6. MAJOR CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND MEDICINAL PRODUCTS
The latex contains heterosides, among them calotropin. It also contains a proteolytic
enzyme called calotropaine as well as Calactin, Calotoxin, Uscharidin, Uscharin and
Vouscharin, (Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk, 1962).
7. HARVESTING, CONSERVING AND PREPARATION
The bark can be dried in the sun without difficulty. Buy Silymarin It is inadvisable to use bark
which has been kept for more than a year*
8. ECONOMICS AND MARKETING
Locally collected and used for domestic purposes.
Seeds freely; natural regeneration common.
10. MAJOR DISEASES
None specified. Silymarin Tablets
11. OTHER USES
The bark and latex is widely used as an arrow Legalon Silymarin and spear poison; also used to curdle
milk and in brewing. The floss from the seeds Silymarin 140 Mg is used as an inferior kapok for stuffing
pillows (Madar floss or akund) as well as for weaving into a strong cloth. The stems are
termite-proof and used for building huts.
The stems also produce a good charcoal; the stem pith can be used as
tinder. The bark can be used for tanning and the flowers and withered (not fresh) leaves
can be browsed by sheep and goats, (Irvine, 1961).
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